"The First Peace"


Out of the war-unleashing core of the 33 signatories, including five British colonies, at the final day of the Paris Conference on June 28, 1919, the state of war lasted shortest for the 1917 accessed United States of America?

No way. When the Armistice was signed on November 11, 1918, the fighting on the western front and in the colonies had lingered on for four years and four months. The diplomatic and unilaterally remilitarising stage of the war added up six-and-a-half months, which rendered the historically verified parameters 1914–1919.

As showed on our blog elsewhere, a well-functioning US democracy chose to refuse ratifying the Treaty and "League of Versailles" (Swiss wording). This decision of November 1919 was made all over again exactly four months later.

Below: P. de Bourgraaf LinkedIn and Twitter feeds on March 19, 2020, at the same time the date of Aufa100's launch.

On August 26, 1921, German politician Matthias Erzberger was murdered by former marine personnel. This was not to late for him to witness the conclusion of the US-German Peace Treaty, some 24 hours earlier. The United States under the lead of the newly elected president Warren Harding, Woodrow Wilson's successor, and the German Republic as the defenceless, dictated and stigmatised object at the hands of the 32 Allied and Associated Powers in Versailles, signed a bilateral peace treaty. Since "Versailles" did not bring peace, on the contrary, sustained the casus belli, this is what Aufa100 terms "The First Peace".* For Germany's rising Atlantic partner, it meant that the state of war was finally terminated after four years and four months (1917-1921).

This separate peace treaty among the 1918 Armistice initiators reveals what school and mainstream history books fail to tell you (see 🇬🇧 & 🇺🇸 links below). Support Aufa100 to rewrite twentieth-century history. Take the postcolonial debate to the next level. The future deserves it!

  • Miller Center, University of Virginia
  • White House, U.S. government
  • Encyclopedia Britannica

  • *  Under the lead of Great Britain and its radical Empire forces, the Entente dictated the Treaty of Versailles to the German republic. At the occasion of its centenary,  Prof. Karl-Heinz Lüdeking (Berlin 2019 a.o., see Aufa100 Founding Manifesto) termed it a "death sentence on Europe". The 1914–1919 casus belli was thus continued well into the "new order". It would neither end in Lausanne nor in Locarno. Apart from the Pacific theatre of war, it came to an end in Berlin, 1945.

    🔽  mehrsprachiger LinkedIn/Twitter Beitrag vom 19. November 2019.

    Contents, figures and illustrations and by Peter de Bourgraaf